Thursday, June 18, 2009

Aphrodisiacs around the world

French Champagne is only one of the many beverages that excites us to remember sparkling erotic encounters. Sparkling wine contains alcohol, a well-known life-giving aphrodisiac. But what other things edible and drinkable are available to increase our lust, to arouse our sexual desires, to make us ready, willing, eager…? To make sex feel even better?

One could divide aphrodisiacs into two groups. The well-known, traditional ones that for thousands of years have been used as mood increasers and raising ability across our beloved Tellus, but without scientific backing. The academically proven ones, with exciting chemicals, neurostimulants, that science can help us understand.

Some aphrodisiacs that have been prescribed and used since ancient times: alcohol, apples, artichokes, asparagus, almonds, figs, bananas, strawberries, honey, ginger, saffron, apricots, cherries, coconut, dates, grapes, mangoes, papayas, peaches, pears, plums, pomegranates and raspberries and of course chocolate. There are more elaborate ones, such as animal products, drugs, onions, snake blood and Spanish fly.

The basic needs of the humans, like in all animals, are food and sex. And aphrodisiacs combine the two, and used wisely can work together to put you and your lover in the right mood. They can work their magic, be it mostly by placebo effects, produce forbidden, seductive ideas of the mind and heart, and become a medium to tune your erotic waves to each other.

Read more about the Indian aphrodisiacs, based on ancient beliefs of the Kama Sutra and the Ayurveda, openly used by women wrapped tauntingly but yet elegantly in the shimmering colourful saris of the subcontinent to lure their unknowing victims into bed, by men, perhaps inspired by the sexual orgies depicted in the temple of Khajuraho, in Madhya Pradesh.

Let yourself be inspired when learning more about the concoctions of Asia. Let the fresh, airy, fruity scents of China, where the blood-red fortune of a woman’s kiss might have been the result of an intoxicating but well-balanced aphrodisiac intake.

In Africa, the epicenter of human fertility, there are some well-known substances that might improve your love-making potential and increase the libido.

Any visitor to Brazil, and indeed elsewhere in Central and South America, can not have escaped the seductive, voluptuous, dancing way of leading life. There might be more reasons to that, than meets the eye. Fill your glass with some cachaça, and let’s go exploring!

If you are in the mood, or want to get into it, try one of my delicious non-alcoholic aphrodisiac smoothie recipes.

What lies ahead, is to figure out what keeps the libido up in the inner sanctums of Arab homes, in Russia, in Scandinavia, and all across the rest of the globe. But this will be another journey, if you are willing to take it with me.

Warm kisses from lips filled with the scent of fresh, spicy, juicy fruits and herbs…

Indian aphrodisiacs, Kama Sutra and Ayurveda

A land so vast, so full of insights, of eternal wisdom, sensuality, beauty, temples and statues, of priceless garments, silky smooth women and proud men, a land that has given us the epic Mahabharata as well as the Kama Sutra, what can it not tell us about the use of aphrodisiacs…?

Vatsyayana’s Kama Sutra, the Sanskrit aphorisms about love, is a practical guide to sexual interactions between men and women. It does contain some aphrodisiac recipes. It is also a part of ayurveda, the Sanskrit knowledge of life.

Some are every day nutritions, such as whole grains, dairy proteins such as milk, lassi and panir. Panir is a fresh milk cheese. Almonds, walnuts and sesame, as well as dried fruits such as dates, figs, and raisins. Sweet, juicy fruits such as mangoes, peaches, plums, and pears. Aloe vera also does good. Stewed apples are recommended for breakfast and banana cooked in a clarified cow-milk butter called ghee together with cinnamon and cardamom, as is rice pudding.

A particular dish is mung dal (or pappu or parippu, depending on if you are in Nepal, India, Pakistan or Bangladesh, or any of the other countries where it is well known). It is a thick, spicy mung bean stew. Then there are more specific aphrodisiacs.

Ajwain (Trachyspermum copticum) or carom seeds is a spice from used mostly in India, but also in Iran, Egypt and Afghanistan. It smells almost like thyme, and it does contain thymol. This could also be crushed and fried in ghee together with tamarind seeds, or mixed with honey and milk, said to reduce fast ejaculations. Cardamom can be used in the same way, with honey and milk.

Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna) is a tree found in India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. Its bark can be mixed with milk and if taken regularly, it allegedly will stimulate your will for sex.

Butea leaves, from the Butea tree (Butea monosperma), and the fleshy leaves of the Indian aloe (Liliaceae, aloe barbedensis) plant are said to be aphrodisiacs.

Saussurea lappa is a flower growing in the Himalayas. The root contains an oil, used as an aphrodisiac. The root of the Hydrophilia (Asteracanthus longifolia) can also be boiled with water, for virility. It is a thorny plant that grows in swamps, and its seeds and the dried plant can also come to use, as it is said.

Mentioned in this context are also Indian liquorice seeds (Abrus precatorius root). Be ware, though, the seeds contain an extremely dangerous toxic chemical compound, called polypeptide abrin, which can be lethal.

Indian mallow (Abutilon indicum) is used as aphrodisiac. So is Kuthimithi (Withania somnifera, sometimes called Indian ginseng), a shrub also known as Ashwagandha, which root could promote the libido if mixed with milk.

Spices are also popular, traditionally ginger, nutmeg, and crushed almond and pepper are mentioned. Along with red chilli powder, turmeric, garam masala, cumin powder, cumin seeds, black mustard seeds and the garlic-smelling asafoetida (Ferula asafoetida), native to Iran.

Another ingredient is hemp, used for many thousand years as a stimulating, erotic drug. It is an alluring sexual detail. Hemp seeds can be mixed with yoghurt together with sugar or honey to make a Bhang lassi, Bhang simply being Sanskrit for hemp.

But just as alluring, just as invigorating, is just taking in this eternal state of India, its bustling cities, its Ganeshas, its Shivas, its incredibly ornamented temples, its majestic countryside and far-streched beaches of white sand… India is an aphrodisiac in itself, arousing to the eye and to the senses…

Brazilian aphrodisiacs, straight from the Amazon

From another part of the world, namely the tropical, humid, green jungle of the Amazon rainforest come many herbs that are traditionally said to be and are used as aphrodisiacs.

Damiana (Turnera diffusa, Turnera aphrodisiaca) is a shrub, reminiscent to chamomile in odour that is said to boost the libido and control body hormones. It is used as tea by the native people in Central and South America, blended with sugar. It can also be smoked, and allegedly has effects similar to those of marijuana, but milder.

A quite well-known climbing plant from the Amazon is Guarana (Paullinia cupana) and its fruit. It contains about twice the amount of caffeine compared to coffee beans, and is used in several energy drinks. It has been scientifically shown to increase memory, alertness and mood.

Muira puama (or Marapuama, Ptychopetalum olacoides), in German interestingly enough known as Potenholz, virility wood. Grows in the Brazilian rainforest and has a jasmine-like perfume.

Catuba is said to be another lubricant of the mind, as is Cajueiro (Anacardium occidentale), which is a cashew.

Suma (Pfaffia paniculata) is also called Brazilian ginseng. It is called “para tudo” which in Portuguese means “for everything”, indicating that it has been used for more things than increasing lust. Suma contains germanium, beta-ecdysterone, allantoin, and a group of phytochemical saponins called pfaffosides. It is also said that it contains two plant hormones, sistosterol and stigmasterol with properties alike those of estrogen.

Maca (domesticated Lepidium peruvianum, or wild Lepidium meyenii) is an edible root growing in the mountain chain the Andes, in Bolivia and Peru. Its taste is somewhat like a mix between radish and turnip. It is sometimes called Peruvian ginseng, but is not related to ginseng. It has a high concentration of proteins and vital nutrients, but also contains the chemical p-methoxybenzyl isothiocyanate, reputedly having aphrodisiac properties.

Oats (Avena sativa) is also used as an aphrodisiac.

My personal advice, to give an erotic injection, would be to visit Brazil in person… Go, taste the freshly squeezed juices from the Amazon, try the sweet fresh mangoes, the sour but refreshing acerolas, the berries, the pineapples… It will make you feel so light and vivid, and together with the rhythmic sounds of samba, the ouludum and all those marvellously trained chocolate-coloured bodies, the sea, the cities, the rolling movements and why not some light, ice-cold Brazilian Devassa beer or start a wild fire in your sexual mind with some strong cachaça… unforgettable sexual details.

Chinese aphrodisiacs - 性细节 - 性細節- 中国春药 - 中國的春藥 - 春藥的列表

The Lotus, oh, the golden lotus… This flower that is sexual desire, so elegant, so seductive in itself, yet so restained… Where else does such a decoration suit better, such a fine sexual detail, than in the romantic nature of China?

Asian ginseng root (Panax ginseng) is probably the most well-known plant from China. The English word comes from the Mandarin word rénshēn, literally manroot, since it resembles the legs of a human. Panax is Greek literally for “all-heal”. It has scientifically been shown to enhance libido and “copulatory performance”. It contains ginsenosides and phytoestrogens.

Ginkgo Biloba is sometimes called Chinese temple tree or Maidenhair tree. The name in Mandarin today is yínxìng (銀杏), meaning silver apricot. Anyone ever having lived close to a Ginkgo tree knows how bad the smell can be. Academic results are conflicting, but it seems at least to improve memory.

Wolfberry is the fruit of either Lycium barbarum, in Mandarin 寧夏枸杞 or níngxià gǒuqǐ or Lycium chinense, 枸杞 or gǒuqǐ. Two species of boxthorn, that are said to increase the libido, that also can be found in Europe, but nothing proved scientifically.

The flowering plant Rehmannia is endemic in China and especially Rehmannia glutinosa is used as an aphrodisiac. It’s called dìhuáng (地黄) or gān dìhuáng (干地黄) in Mandarin.

Another flowering plant, Epimedium, or yin yang huo (淫羊藿), is common in southern China. It is in the family Berberidaceae. Icariin, one of its ingredients, inhibits PDE-5, which is similar to what sildenafil is doing in Viagra, blocking degradative action in the smooth muscle cells of the penis.

Cordyceps (best known in Cordyceps sinensis) is a genus of ascomycete fungi, a parasite mainly on insects, cultivated for traditional Chinese medicin, to remedy impotence.

Using these substances might work well for you. But what will most certainly fill your heart with joy, your limbs with sexual power, is to stay in Beijing, to visit the Forbidden City, home not only of the powerful emperor, but all his concubines. Or see the sea in Shanghai, where sailors from across the globe has come ashore, to inhale the Asian wind, to be filled with the Chinese spirit… Red lips, red cheeks and red, red, red thoughts…

Read more about aphrodisacs from other parts of the world, or take a look in our boutique.

African aphrodisiacs

There are a number of love potions and edibles from the wonderfully black part of Africa, our sun-caressed motherland, many sexual details hidden in the sandy fountain of humanity.

Perhaps best known, and mostly not thought of as an aphrodisiac, if coffee. Despite the fact that many of us reminisce the lovely smelling blends of espresso sipped down a balmy late spring day in Tuscany, the coffee plant is originally from the highlands of Ethiopia, perhaps from a region called Kaffa. Its use spread and finally arrived in Italy through the Muslim world, perhaps as a substitute to the forbidden alcohol, and its most delicate variety is still called Arabica. The caffeine ingredient in coffee beans is an alkaloid, which means that it contains nitrogen atoms. Alkaloids often have pharmacological effects. Caffeine can increase dopamine levels in the brain, but the effects of coffee on libido and our will to go to bed are contradictory.

The bark of the Yohimbe tree (Corynanthe yohimbe, Pausinystalia yohimbe), growing in Central Africa, can be used to extract yohimbine. It contains an alkaloid called quebrachine (named so since this substance appears in the South American quebracho tree) or yohimbine. It is a selective alpha2-adrenergic receptor antagonist, which can be used to make soft members hard. But no effect on the human libido has been scientifically recorded.

There is another tree, the Carpolobia lutea (Polygalaceae), which root is filled with saponin plant steroids. They are secondary metabolites, meaning that they are not directly involved in the growth of organisms. They are allegedly used in Western Africa as an aphrodisiac, but there are no academic indications that it is health improving in any way.

A third kind of tree, the Shower tree (Cassia sieberiana) can be soaked in water. The water can be drunk as an elixir.

The Kola nut evergreen trees also contain caffeine and theobromine (both xanthine derivatives), and is said to be stimulant and euphoriant when chewed.

The seed of the sea bean shrub (Mucuna pruriens) contains a dopamine precursor called levodopa. It is said to give a harder erection and prolong lovemaking.

Edibles and tonic water, that is all fine. But who can resist a powerful, strong manly, dark-skinned chest, a deep African voice in your ear, muscles playing in the sun… Or the full, round, buttocks of its ladies… the contrast between the deep skin-tones, and the cerise treasures hidden between the thighs of its gloriously radiant and proud inhabitants…?

And there are more secrets to be learned, like the Kenyan love flood...

Scientific aphrodisiacs around the world

Naturally, there are scientific ways to help you in your quest to perfect your status as a sexual guru or a divine love goddess. Let us turn to the scientific aphrodisiacs…

Search for effective aphrodisiacs has been a pursuit of mankind for as long as our common memory can remember. Scientifically, search has focused on the pro-sexual effects, the heightening of the libido and increasing sexual arousal through the use of edibles and drinks, through oral pharmacological agents which change the neurotransmitting activities. Another important field is finding ways to take care of sexual dysfunctions.

Many studies have been performed, but many seem to lack the standard, the important consideration of sexual details, that is otherwise seen in pharmacology. But work is naturally constantly moving forward. And do we not all love to do a little sexual experimentation ourselves…?

In some aspects, oral contraceptives for women can be seen as powerful aphrodisiacs. There are no good studies on if it actually increases the libido in women, but the fact is that the risk of getting pregnant is a big turn off for many people. Especially when partners do not share this concern. Oral contraceptives, birth control pills, can take away the thoughts of the risk, for everyone involved.
They can also relieve pain, such as premenstrual cramps, and lessen the amount of blood during menstruation, which might make you or your partners more open to sex. As a bonus, it might help against acne, making you look sexier than ever. They contain ethinyl estradiol and the synthetic, orally active progestin.

Another well-known substance is marijuana and cannabis, and other cannabinoids. It is harmful for the reproduction, but in the right doses it might effect sexual behaviour and arousability. The endocannabinoid system, however, has actually been found to have some possibility for treatment of erectile dysfunction. This dysfunctionality is due to hormonal, local biochemical and structural factors of the penis. This has led to the phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor therapy used, for instance, in Viagra.

One of the most important scientific rules is that of Placebo effect, by which our beliefs cause a condition in our body to change. It just cannot be stated enough times. The human mind is fantastic. As long as we belive, it works. The stronger we believe, the better it works! It is like divine magic, and should be handled wisely. And what could be wiser than to use it to increase our sexual desire, to arouse us, to make us long more for kisses, cuddles and other bodies?

The well-known medicine Viagra, this blue pill, is actually sildenafilcitrate, earlier also sold under names such as Revatio and Patrex. It inhibits the enzyme phosphodiesterase type 5 in the corpus cavernosum, which, together with sexual stimulation leads to increased blood flow in the penis and a better erection.

Saffron contains crocin, the red colour which similar to that of carrots, has been said to demonstrate the properties of an libido-boosting aphrodisiac. The Indians might have been right, after all. At least, it makes food taste delicious, from Paella to Scandinavian Lucia buns, and brings the yellow colour of the sun into your home and perhaps also heart, along with a kingly scent.

Honey is also a real aphrodisiac. Eating honey does increase nitric oxide and nitrite in the blood, which opens blood vessels, which in turn might give you an erection or make your clitoris get ready for more attention from an eager partner. And, again, it does taste marvellous, and is healthy. It contains among other things cinnamaldehyde, cinnamyl alcohol, cinnamic acid as well as homovanillyl alcohol and p-methoxy-cinnamic acid, all hinting on the close bonds to the fragrances of cinnamon and vanilla. And these fragrances, lovely perfumes, make our thoughts make small jumps up into the air… and land in the land of love.

Prunes, raisins and other dried fruit contain boron, more so than honey.

Never underestimate the power of alcohol. Anyone who has had a few glasses of wine, beer, mead, champagne or stronger liqueurs knows how they can affect you. They open up your conversation, the make you feel more attractive, they make your partner or flirt seem more attractive, and, in short, make you feel so much more horny and slutty than you otherwise feel. Add also to that, the day after. Many of us can report that unmistaken horny feeling that comes with a bit too much intake of alcohol the day before.

Chocolate. Ah… sniff, sniff. It just smells so good, and melts in your mouth. Mmmh… that reminds me of… so many wonderful moments of joy.

Some people believe that the phenylethylamine found in chocolate is an aphrodisiac. It could raise love leves, that is, sexual attraction and arousal, but in reality it rapidly degrades by the enzyme MAO, making it unlikely that any significant concentrations reaches the brain when eating chocolate. There are other chemicals such as tryptophan, which is a building block of serotonin, a neurochemical that creates feelings of pleasure, and affects sexual arousal. It also contains theobromine, a chemical stimulant similar to caffeine. But the levels in a serving are so low, there just is not enough to increase sexual desires… Studies have shown no sign of increased libido in women after eating plenty of chocolate.

General for all the aphrodisiacs around the world is also the question of how much you have to take of a drug to make it cross the threshold from negligible effects into observable results. For most chemicals, you would have to eat close to ridiculous amounts… but it would be a fantastic argument for the chocolate lovers.

When it comes to smells, and substances that travel by air, we think of pheromones. There is also something called copulins, which are pheromones produced by fertile women. Studies have shown that men find women who are ovulating are more attractive than those who are not. Coconut oil is rich in copulins, and many fruits contain butanoic acid, another copulin.

Aphrodisiac smoothie recipes

Light smooth silky sexual details Indian desire smoothie

2 servings

1 dl (1/2 cup) of orange juice
1 dl (1/2 cup) of milk
1 dl (1/2 cup) of Greek yoghurt (10 percent fat)
1/2 teaspoon of clove powder
1/2 teaspoon of cardamom powder
1/2 teaspoon of cinnamon powder
1 teaspoon of vanilla powder
4-5 Strawberries
Half a mango or galia melon
Half an apple
Honey to taste

How to do it:
Place the clean, stone-free fruits and berries in a blender. Pour the juice, milk and yoghurt on top. Mix it thoroughly to a smooth blend. Add the spices and honey. Mix it again. Add ice and mix until finely crushed if you want to serve it cool at one, or place it in the fridge. Perfect for a morning after a long night of making love, when you need new energy, and to kick-start your libido.

Greek sexual details ancient love potion smoothie

2 servings

A handful of almonds (or any exotic nut you can get your hands on)
1 dl (1/2 cup) of milk
1 dl (1/2 cup) of Greek yoghurt (10 percent fat)
0,5 dl (1/4 cup) of sugar
1 teaspoon of cardamom powder
1g saffron soaked in warm milk (or cognac)

Put the almonds in hot water until you can peel the skin off them. Mash them to a paste. Warm the milk and add the paste, stir vividly. Add cardamom. Stir more. Add the saffron milk. Add ice, and mix it all in a blender.

Perfect for an autumn sex session! To be enjoyed in naughty company...

There are also fruits and drinks from around the world that will affect the taste of you and your mistress taste. Time for experimentation?